Medical Massage

Manual therapy is a general term that includes anything that medical practitioners can do with their hands and can include anything from a medical massage to joint manipulations. While manual therapy vs. massage includes different techniques as well as purposes. The history of manual therapy in Europe dates back to 400 BCE, and today it includes a variety of techniques such as joint manipulations, mobilizations, myofascial trigger-point therapy, proprioceptive therapy, strain-conterstrain method, stabilization, traction, or such a complex constantly evolving stand-alone system as Functional Manual Therapy, which includes functional movement assessment, active treatment, and then reassessments. But in China, the history of manual therapy goes back to about 3000 BC, and the whole multitude of its techniques falls under the general term tui na, which also over that long time period developed into many similar as well as different schools of thought.

What Injuries and Conditions Can Manual Therapy Treat

Manual therapy encompasses a range of hands-on techniques designed to alleviate musculoskeletal pain, improve mobility, and enhance overall function. Specific to Traditional Chinese Medicine, tui na is a form of manual therapy that combines massage, acupressure, and other manipulative techniques. Tui na, in particular, can address a variety of injuries and conditions such as chronic pain, musculoskeletal issues like sprains, arthritis, sciatica, and muscle spasms, as well as conditions related to the digestive, respiratory, and reproductive systems. Furthermore, manual therapy in its broader scope can also aid in post-operative rehabilitation, tension headaches, sports injuries, and various joint-related issues. By mobilizing soft tissues, joints, and muscles, manual therapies like tui na not only treat the immediate symptoms but also target the underlying causes to promote holistic healing.

Manual Therapy For Pain Relief

Manual Therapy For Pain Relief

While integration of tui na with modern medicine may appear challenging due to their enormous differences in traditions, because acupuncture has become increasingly wider accepted, it has also become part of integrative medicine. Acupuncture and tui na share the same traditional Chinese medical approach, and similar angles of integration that work for acupuncture should work for tui na. Also, similarly to physical therapy, tui na is often tightly connected to therapeutic exercises. Tui na is almost as flexible as acupuncture and can be used for treatment of many conditions. At the same time, while tui na includes cervical manual therapy (tui na or manual therapy for neck pain) and even includes bone-setting techniques, there is no Asian manual therapy for the cervical spine. Tui na’s goal is similar to that of acupuncture to influence the healing of the cervical spine by improving the blood and vital energy (qi) in the area, rather than manipulate the bones directly. A similar approach is true in the treatment of knee joints: the knee treatment is holistic rather than direct, because when the knee joint is inflamed, treating it directly with manual therapy can increase the inflammation and, consequently, the knee pain.

Benefits Of Manual Therapy

Manual therapy for low back pain is also treated holistically, so the body itself would heal the lower back pain. It is achieved through the stimulation of local and distal points. While some points decrease lower back pain, other points would help to balance the functions of internal organs and resolve low back pain indirectly. A similar approach is used for manual therapy for sciatica, where palpation of the painful area is crucial for diagnostic purposes, to identify the most painful points, which are then addressed in tui na treatment.
Manual therapy for shoulder pain in traditional Chinese medicine would address the shoulder more, but still the joint itself is not treated directly, but rather a stimulation of the points in the surrounding tissues and the points on the torso, ears, scalp, and/or extremities that can decrease shoulder pain. In the vast majority of tui na treatments, no matter what area is troubling the patient, visceral manual therapy is the central focus. As surprising as it may seem, but the pain in the knees or lower back, for example, can be a manifestation of organ imbalance (in this case, kidneys may be involved), and sometimes when patients receive such a holistic treatment, other health issues can decrease, such as insomnia or fatigue if kidneys are the culprit.

Benefits Of Manual Therapy

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