Scoliosis is a lateral curvature of the spine. There may be one curve (“C” curve) present or two curves (“S” curve). Scoliosis is technically defined as a lateral curve of the spine that is greater than 10 degrees. Approximately 2-3 million people have scoliosis, and there is no cure for the problem. In most cases (~80%), scoliosis is idiopathic, meaning there is no apparent cause. It affects all age groups. Symptoms may include pain and fatigue, and in severe cases, difficulty with breathing, digestion, and walking. Treatment of scoliosis typically consists of bracing for moderate curves and surgery for severe curves. However, a prescribed physical therapy exercise program can decrease pain, stretch tight muscles, and strengthen the core muscles.