Endometriosis is a very common disorder in women that causes infertility and pelvic pain. While much research has been done, and its findings made some causes and nature of the disorder clearer, much of the disease’s development remains unknown. Western treatment methods of endometriosis typically involve hormonal therapy or surgical procedures, both of which have a limited success rate. Traditional Chinese medicine, on the other hand, works well as an alternative as well as a complementary treatment method, and because the modalities of traditional Chinese medicine are comparatively safe and have few minimal side effects (such as an occasional bruise, for example), it should certainly be tried first, before trying any of more drastic treatment approaches of western medicine. If endometriosis is diagnosed and treated in early stages, then a higher success rate can be achieved in western and traditional Chinese medicine.